The Preparedness Center
has compiled the list below to help you prepare
for an emergency.
Read your company's evacuation plan and know where to meet after an
Know where exit routes, stairways, fire extinguishers, and medical kits
Assemble supplies in a single pack and have them stored in your desk.
Along with your supplies, store a pair of walking shoes.
Carry a list of important phone numbers in your wallet.
Keep the area under your desk free of waste-paper baskets, etc. This
6 square foot area might be home for a few traumatic moments. If you
are not at your desk when something happens, don't count on being able
to make it back. Store additional supplies in your car (see below).
Even if you are at home when a disaster
strikes, and your home is well stocked, you may still need the supplies
in your car. Your house may not be safe to enter, or may catch fire
after a disaster like an earthquake.
Your car will be one of your most important resources after a disaster
strikes. Keep it mechanically sound, and pay close attention to the
exhaust system. A leaking exhaust system could kill.
Always keep your gas tank full! Fill it when it reaches 1/2 a tank.
You will thank yourself the first time you are stuck in a traffic jam
in bad weather.
Think of your car's trunk as a big steel supply cabinet. Keep your supplies
in the trunk along with other items like tools, jumper cables and spare
Keep the car mechanically sound and ready to use.
Keep supplies in the car for use in an emergency.
Replace your battery every 2-3 years. In an emergency, your car battery
will need to run the radio and heater for extended periods.
Have a mechanic check the following
items on your car to keep it ready:
Wipers and windshield washer fluid
Lights and flashing hazard
Make sure the tires have adequate tread
ESSENTIALS FOR THE HOME
Home is where you can do the most to
be prepared. But remember that you are only home for about 1/2 of the
hours in a day. You must also be prepared at work, and have additional
supplies in your car.
Strap gas appliances to walls or floor,
especially the water heater. Remember your water heater is a large source
of water, and weighs several hundred pounds when full. A four hundred
pound water heater will break gas lines on its way to the floor. Gas
appliances are a real danger in an earthquake, and are the cause of
most fires after a quake.
The water heater is strapped to the wall.
Know where to shut off the water, power, and gas and have placed the
tools at each location.
Make sure your house is bolted to its foundation.
Repair defective electrical wiring and leaky gas connections. These
are potential fire risks. Brace overhead light fixtures.
Replace solid gas lines with flexible lines on stoves, water heaters,
Nail plywood on top of ceiling joists inside the attic to protect people
from chimney bricks that could fall through the ceiling.
Anything that would have fallen on someone's head has been secured to
Move the bleach and ammonia to separate locations.
Know the unsafe locations in the house.
Make an emergency plan and know escape routes and meeting places.
Emergency lighting has been installed in selected outlets.
Know the location of the nearest police, fire station, and hospital.
Know which neighbors have medical experience.
Talk with neighbors about emergency preparedness.
Your neighbors have keys to your house, and they know how to turn off
Your neighbors also have a list of your important phone numbers.
Your household has conducted a home evacuation drill.
Your children know how to get help from neighbors and 911.
Each family member carries a family photo.
Evaluate what supplies your family needs to store.
Have the proper amount of water stored for emergency use.
Store emergency food supplies.
Store cooking items for emergency use.
Store emergency items to use as shelter.
Have a first aid kit.
Store emergency lighting equipment.
Have stored items to keep in touch with the world.
Have positioned tools that you will need in an emergency.
Store sanitation supplies.
Store supplies for the baby.
Stored misc. supplies including money for emergency use.
Know your house:
Place a flashlight or an emergency light next to your breaker panel.
Place a wrench in your water meter box located near the street.
Place or attach a tool on your gas meter for turning off the gas.
Evaluate each room in your house. Ask yourself: what will fall on my
head, or will keep me from getting out if it fell? Secure anything you
Hang heavy items such as pictures and mirrors away from beds, couches,
and anywhere people sit.
Fasten shelves securely to walls and place large or heavy objects on
Store breakable items such as bottled foods, glass, and china in low,
closed cabinets with latches.
Store household chemicals on a bottom shelf of a closed cabinet.
Never store bleach and ammonia in the same cabinet. These chemicals
when mixed, will create a toxic gas as deadly as any ever created.
Identify the best and worst places to be in your house. Remember that
you might not have any choice as to where you will be located when a
disaster strikes. The best places inside the house are under major beams
that are secured to the rest of the structure, or in strong doorways,
or inner structural walls. The worst places are in front of windows,
or near fireplaces and chimneys.
Make an emergency plan including escape routes and meeting places. Choose
both a nearby meeting place and an out of state relative to be your
check-in contact for the family.
Test your emergency plan with all members of the family present.
Plug emergency lighting into selected outlets. These flashlights are
constantly charged, and turn on automatically when power fails, or the
units are unplugged.
Keep all tree and shrub limbs trimmed so they don't come in contact
with the wires.
Keep trees adjacent to buildings free of dead or dying wood.
Store combustible or flammable materials in approved safety containers
and keep them away from the house.
Install smoke detectors on every level of your home and near sleeping
Know your neighbors, and neighborhood:
Contact your school district to obtain policy regarding how children
will be released from school.
Know the location of the nearest police and fire stations, as well as
the route to the nearest hospital emergency room.
Meet with neighbors and find out who has medical experience.
If you are taking this preparedness thing seriously, share this information
with the households next to you. The more people you can convince to
prepare, the greater your group resources. Remember that you will be
called upon by all around you for help, especially by those who didn't
take warnings seriously.
Give spare keys to your trusted neighbors. Show them where the utility
shutoffs are and provide them with a list of contact phone numbers.
Ask how to turn off your neighbors utilities.
Know your family:
Hold a home evacuation drill to test your emergency plan with all members
of the family present.
Teach your children how to get help from neighbors and 911.
Keep photos of family members in wallet in case they turn up missing.
Teach household members how to turn off utilities.
In case family members are separated from one another during an earthquake
(a real possibility during the day when adults are at work and children
are at school), develop a plan for reuniting after the disaster.
Ask an out-of-state relative or friend to serve as the "family contact."
After a disaster, it's often easier to call long distance. Make sure
everyone in the family knows the name, address, and phone number of
the contact person.
STORE AT HOME
30 gallons per person (2 gallons per person per day for 1 week). This
might sound excessive, but look at your water bill this month! This
figure assumes that when at home, you will eventually want a sponge
bath, or will cook pasta or rice. You might even wash your hair or clothes,
and will eventually flush a toilet. The Preparedness Center sells Large 55/30/20/15
gallon size food grade plastic barrels that are ideal for bulk water
storage. A good location is in a detached garage (single story)or away
from any heavy structure that may topple over onto them. Remember that
your water heater in the house is typically 50 gallons, and may be used
as a secondary (only)water supply if your dwelling survives. Additional
water should be stored in 5 gallon plastic containers and should be
stored in seperate locations away from your main water supply(not all
your eggs in one basket).
Each person or family should have on hand an emergency food supply other
than your weekly store bought food. people tend to consume their emergency
food supply to easily when it's to readily available like canned foods,mixes,soups
etc. That is why we recommend purchasing freeze dried ,dehydrated,MRES,
type of foods that have an extremely long shelf life that are nutritious
and can be stored in the same area for accessability ,while still maintaining
your weekly store bought food supply. Plan for a minimum of one week
of food per person , Don't forget a manual can opener! No power, no
way to open cans!
MREs - Meals ready to eat. These are ideal for inside and outside storage condutions. Remember,
the key is to distribute your supplies at various locations. These may
be stored in the worst of conditions. Long shelf life with no rotation.
MRES are available in our food section
Freeze Dried Food- this superior storable food is available in #10 cans
Approx.(one gallon)size cans that have many servings in them,and is
a great choice for your main (bulk) storable food supply (available
in individual cans or complete family and business systems. Freeze dried food has
a shelf life of up to 20 years. while the pouched meals are a great
choice for distributing your food in various locations(just in case you
can't get to your main food supply. The freeze dried food pouches are also a great choice for storing in your
vehicle,and for camping,hiking,flying or anyplace where a lightweight
hot meal is desired. They have a 5 year shelf life, taste great and retain
nutrition,texture and aroma. Freeze dried foods are available in our food
Barbecue , 40 pounds charcoal, and two cans of starter fluid. Or a propane
unit with two 20 pound containers of propane. A propane camp stove may
also be used.
Store the following items for use
Pot and pan for cooking
Silverware. Spoon, fork.
Water proof matches or lighter.
Zip lock bags.
Aluminum foil. A must! Can be formed into just about anything you might
Two person tube tent minimum, larger size better.
Wool blanket or sleeping bag.
Emergency Space blanket.
Instant hand/body warming pads.
Propane powered Heater, 20 pound cylinder mounted.
First aid kit. The Preparedness Center has several First Aid kits available.
One is ideal for your car supplies and another is ideal for the home.
We also recommend taking a first aid class including CPR.
Also store the following items:
First aid manual.
Extra prescription medications.
Aspirin or Ibuprofen.
Flashlight with 2 sets of spare alkaline batteries and one spare bulb
or an emergency light.
Lantern, battery, kerosene or propane powered. Store fuel or batteries,
but never use fuel based lighting until you are sure gas leaks are eliminated.
Long life candles.
Water proof matches or lighter.
AM/FM radio. Store at least 3 sets of alkaline batteries for standard
units. The best radio is one that has rechargeable NI-cads built in,
and may be charged with the built in solar cell, or by cranking on a
built in generator handle. We recommend this radio for your supplies
in your car as well.
Pen, pencil, and paper pad. Store in zip lock bag.
Stamped postcards. Store in zip lock bags. Your house might be gone,
but if you still have a mailbox, the mail will continue service. An
easy way to stay in touch with family far away.
List of important phone numbers, including your out of state focal.
Weather radio or police scanner. A bit expensive, but a weather radio
is a must in tornado or hurricane country.
Fire extinguisher large 5-20 pound, type ABC.
Crow bar, 1 ft min.
Multi-function pocket tool or knife.
Plastic tarp, 9x12 ft min.
Nylon rope, 100 foot.
A multi-purpose tool for shutting of gas and water main valves.
Portable generator. Make your selection based on what really needs to
be powered and the run time of the model. Our recommendation is for
a maximum size of 5 HP, 2250 Watt 120vac only. To get a 230vac generator
will require an 8 HP motor, and your run time will drop in half. Typically,
the only items in your house that will require 230vac is an electric
heating system, an electric water heater, or an electric range. What
you really need to power is a refrigerator, a few lights, and a radio.
Power converter for running 120 volt items from car battery.
Portable chemical toilet and disinfectant crystals. Store in garage
away from house. You will only need this if your dwelling is damaged,
or if your water supply is limited.
Toilet tissue rolls. Store inside portable toilet. Garbage bags. Can
also be used as toilet liners.
All purpose liquid soap.
Tooth brush and paste.
Feminine hygiene items.
Gallon of disinfectant.
Baby stuff (if needed):
Baby formula and plastic bottles.
Large box disposable diapers.
Pre moistened wet wipes.
Baby blanket and knit cap.
Two or three complete change of baby clothes.
One complete change of clothing for each person.
Pair of boots each person.
Phone change. $6.50 in quarters fit in a plastic 35mm film container
$50 cash min, in ones, five's, and tens.
Duplicate credit cards.
Photo copies of ID.
Playing cards. We recommend our line of informational survival cards.